In a struggle for power, however, she lost her life at the age of just 17. Born as a daughter of the czar she had to die as a prisoner. Her death is subject to countless speculations. Anastasia Nikolajewna Romanowa, better known as Anastasia of Russia, was born on 18 June 1901; today is her 120th death anniversary. Her father was the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II, her mother Alexandra Fjodorowna (born Alix of Hesse-Darmstadt) was a grand-ducal princess from the house of Hesse-Darmstadt. Alix’ father, Grand Duke Ludwig IV of Hesse and by Rhine, was the son of Elisabeth of Prussia, whose baptismal entry can be seen on the screenshot of Archion.

Click at the picture to see the church record.

During the political upheavals of the early 20th century, Anastasia first spent a sheltered childhood at the Czar’s court; she was described as fearless and always in a joking mood. One day after Nicholas II had signed his abdication certificate on 15 March 1917 due to political pressure, demonstrations and uprisings, the whole family was placed under house arrest in the Alexander Palace. As attacks on the Imperial family had to be feared, they were taken to Tobolsk in Siberia. Due to further political changes, the situation of the Czar’s family got worse so that they had to relocate to Jekaterinenburg. During all that time, the children tried not to lose their cheerfulness. It has been handed down that Anastasia succeeded best and even made her guardians laugh. In the night from 16 to 17 July 1918, the family was murdered in Jekatarinenburg.

When the remains of some family members were discovered in a mass grave but it was not possible to clearly identify her bones, the rumour came up that Anastasia may have survived. Different women claimed to be the missing Anastasia. In particular the case of a woman who called herself Anna Anderson aroused great public interest. Many film adaptations are based on this story, making Anastasia word-famous. Meanwhile, it is considered certain that she also died during the assassination of her family.

You want to know more about Anastasia's mother Princess Victoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrix of Hesse and by Rhine? Here you can reach her baptism entry.